TYPHOID FEVER, KALAZAR and Nursing Intervention

TYPHOID fever
TYPHOID FEVER
Causative micro-organism: is salmonella typhi.
Clinical features:
Fever, headache, cough, abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea, ill health, malaise, anorexia.
Diagnosis:
history, clinical examination and investigation(widal test, blood culture and sensitivity).
Treatment:
Ampicillin or chloramphenicol for 2-3 weeks ,Claforan or amoxil also used.
– Prevention:-Enteric precaution is necessary.KALAZAR
It is parasitic infection caused by Lishmania donovani. Transmitted by sand fly.
Clinical features:
fever, anemia,hepatosplenomegaly,dark skin.

Investigation:
bone marrow fat test, spleen or liver biopsy.
Treatment:
Pentostam injection for 20 days.

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Posted in Nursing Care Plans, Nursing Intervention, Pediatrics

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