Table of Nomenclature of Tumors

Tissue of Origin

Benign

Malignant

Composed of One Parenchymal Cell Type

   

Connective tissue and derivatives

Fibroma

Fibrosarcoma

 

Lipoma

Liposarcoma

 

Chondroma

Chondrosarcoma

 

Osteoma

Osteogenic sarcoma

Endothelial and related tissues

   

 

  Blood vessels

Hemangioma

Angiosarcoma

  Lymph vessels

Lymphangioma

Lymphangiosarcoma

  Synovium

 

Synovial sarcoma

  Mesothelium

 

Mesothelioma

  Brain coverings

Meningioma

Invasive meningioma

Blood cells and related cells

   

  Hematopoietic cells

 

Leukemias

  Lymphoid tissue

 

Lymphomas

Muscle

   

  Smooth

Leiomyoma

Leiomyosarcoma

  Striated

Rhabdomyoma

Rhabdomyosarcoma

Tumors of epithelial origin

   

  Stratified squamous

Squamous cell papilloma

Squamous cell or epidermoid carcinoma

Basal cells of skin or adnexa

 

Basal cell carcinoma

  Epithelial lining of glands or ducts

Adenoma

Adenocarcinoma

 

Papilloma

Papillary carcinomas

 

Cystadenoma

Cystadenocarcinoma

  Respiratory passages

Bronchial adenoma

Bronchogenic carcinoma

  Renal epithelium

Renal tubular adenoma

Renal cell carcinoma

  Liver cells

Liver cell adenoma

Hepatocellular carcinoma

  Urinary tract epithelium (transitional)

Urothelial papilloma

Urothelial carcinoma

  Placental epithelium

Hydatidiform mole

Choriocarcinoma

  Testicular epithelium (germ cells)

 

Seminoma

   

Embryonal carcinoma

Tumors of melanocytes

Nevus

Malignant melanoma

More Than One Neoplastic Cell Type-Mixed Tumors, Usually Derived from One Germ Cell Layer

 

Salivary glands

Pleomorphic adenoma (mixed tumor of salivary gland)

Malignant mixed tumor of salivary gland

Renal anlage

 

Wilms tumor

More Than One Neoplastic Cell Type Derived from More Than One Germ Cell Layer-Teratogenous

 

Totipotential cells in gonads or in embryonic rests

Mature teratoma, dermoid cyst

Immature teratoma, teratocarcinoma

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