Rickets(vitamin D deficiency) Definition
It is a disease of growing children due to lack of fat soluble vitamin D.
Sources: sunlight,milk,egg yolk.
Predisposing factors to rickets:
2- Age 3months -3years.
3- Artificial feeding.
5- Lack of sunlight.
1- Head appear enlarge and square, anterior fontanel is late in closure,crainial bones are soft and making cracking sound under pressure(crainiotabes).
2- Bilateral depression at the site when the diaphragm is attached to the ribs.
3- Dorsal kyphosis,scoliosis.
4- Knock knee.
5- Epiphysial enlargement of the wrist and ankles.
6- Later sitting and frog like position.
1- Gently handled and turned frequently.
2- Kept from putting their weight on legs or spinal column.
3- When lift should never put pressure on bone of chest.
4- Diaper is applied loosely.
5- Lie on a firm mattress.