Premature birth or preterm baby

AMPBR0 Baby Incubator
Factors often associated with premature birth:
A- Maternal:
1- Erythroblastosis fetalis.
2- Incomptent cervix.
3- Preeclampsia.
4- Severe maternal illness.
5- Urinary tract infection.
B- Fetal :
1- Congenital malformation.
2- Multiple pregnancy.
C- Placental :
1- Placenta previa.
2- Polyhydraminios.
D- Unknown cause.
Factors associated with intrauterine growth retardation
A- Fetal :
1- Chromosomal disorder.
2- Chronic fetal infection e.g :CMV ,Rubella ,Syphilis.
3- Radiation therapy.
4- Multiple gestation.
B- Placental :
1- Infection.
2- Tumor.
3- Separation.
4- Infarction.
C- Maternal :
1- Toxemia.
2- Hypertention or renal disease.
3- Hypoxia e.g :high altitude.
4- Cardiac or pulmonary disease.
5- Malnutrition.
6- Chronic illness e.g :sickle cell anemia.
7- Drug ingestion e.g :narcotic,alcohol,cigarette and antimetabolite

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