OTITIS MEDIA And Nursing Intervention

 

OTITIS MEDIA
OTITIS MEDIA

It is an infection of the middle ear, usually secondary to respiratory infection. The micro-organism is hemophylus influenze,pneumococus,streptococus or staphylococus.More common in infancy due to short Eustachian tube and increase by lying position of the infant.

Clinical features:

Are Nasopharyngitis with earache(severe pain)then exudation occurs.

Diagnosis:

By otoscope examination of the ear drum .

Complication :

Chronic otitis media ,mastoiditis,meningitis,brain abscess, lateral sinus thrombosis, septicemia.

Treatment:

1-nasal drop.

2-dry heat to the ear.

3-analgesic as aspirin or paracetamol.

4-antibiotics.

Responsibility of the nurse:

1-local heat (hot water bottle).

2-cleanliness of the ear canal by sterile cotton cones moistened with physiologic saline or H2O2,then the ear is wiped dry with sterile cotton .

3-care of the skin around the ear.

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Posted in Nursing Care Plans, Nursing Intervention, Pediatrics

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