– Lymphomas are malignant disorders of the reticuloendotheial system that result in an accumulation of dysfunctional, immature lymphoid derived cells. They classified
They classified according to :
– The predominant cell type.
– The degree of malignant cell maturity.
– Types of lymphomas (Hodgkin’s, Non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas)
– Hodgkin’s disease affects young adults, higher incidence among males than women.
– Non-Hodgkin diseases affects men than women , the incidence increases with age.
Signs & Symptoms of Lymphoma:
1. Painless and enlargement of lymph nodes (cervical, axilla, groin)
2. Fatigue, weight loss, chills, fever, night sweats, pruritus.
3. Dyspnea, dysphagia.
4. Splenomegaly and hepatomegaly
– lymph node biopsy to detect type.
– CBC, bone marrow aspirate and biopsy to detect bone marrow involvement.
– Liver and kidney function tests.
– Ct scan.
Nursing Management and Care Plan of Lymphoma
1. Administer analgesics as prescribed.
2. Maintain skin integrity.
3. Preserving oral and GI Tract Mucous Membranes.
4. Patient education and Health Maintenance.