Nursing Care Plan for Leukemia

Leukemia

Leukemia: Is uncontrolled proliferation of white Is uncontrolled proliferation of white
blood cells (WBCs) in the bone marrow.blood cells (WBCs) in the bone marrow.

 

Types of Leukemia:

– Acute myelogenous Leukemia (most common in adults)
– Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (most common in  children)
– Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (uncommon before  age 20)
– Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (most common in persons 50 years of age and more)

 

Etiology of Leukemia

Underlying cause is unknown.

– Predisposing factors

– Exposure to radiations.
– Chemical agents.

– Heredity.

 

Signs & Symptoms of Leukemia :

– Pallor, fatigue, weakness, fever, weight loss, abnormal  bleeding and bruising, lymphadenopathy. 
– Splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, bone and joint pain, headache, and neurologic dysfunction. 

Diagnostic Evaluation:
– CBC and blood smear.
– bone marrow aspiration and biopsy.

Nursing Management and Care Plan for Leukemia :

1. Preventing infection.
2. Preventing and managing bleeding.
3. Patient education and health Maintenance.
4. Reducing pain.
5. Improving activity tolerance.

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