Nursing Care Plan and management of Anemia

Anemia

Assessment and Diagnostic Findings

  • Hematologic Studies:Hematologic Studies:
    – CBC.CBC.
    – Hemoglobin and hematocrit.Hemoglobin and hematocrit.
  • Bone Marrow Aspiration & Biopsy:Bone Marrow Aspiration & Biopsy:
    – Assess the quantity and quality of each type of Assess the quantity and quality of each type of cell produced in the bone marrow.

Anemia

  • Anemia is the lack of sufficient circulating hemoglobin Anemia is the lack of sufficient circulating hemoglobin to deliver oxygen to tissues.to deliver oxygen to tissues.
  • Causes:

– Chronic diseases.Chronic diseases.
– Inadequate production of RBCs.Inadequate production of RBCs.
– Destruction of RBCs.Destruction of RBCs.
– Blood loss.Blood loss.
– Deficits in nutrients.Deficits in nutrients.
– Heredity.

 

Types Of Anemia:

1. Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia.
2. Iron Deficiency Anemia.
3. A plastic Anemia.
4. Pernicious Anemia.
5. Sickle Cell Anemia. 
6. Thalassemia.
7. Glucose-6- phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)

 

Anemia Clinical Manifestations:

1. Pallor.
2. Fatigue, weakness.
3. Dyspnea.
4. Palpitations, tachycardia. 
5. Headache, dizziness, and restlessness. 
6. Slowing of thought. 
7. Paresthesia.

 

Nursing care plan and Management of Anemia:

1. Direct general management toward addressing the cause of anemia and replacing blood loss as needed to sustain adequate oxygenation. 
2. Promote optimal activity and protect from injury. 
3. Reduce activities and stimuli that cause tachycardia and increase cardiac output.
4. Provide nutritional needs.
5. Administer any prescribed nutritional supplements. 
6. Patient and family education

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