Diagnostic systems of psychiatric disorders

psychiatric disorders
Diagnostic systems of psychiatric disorders
–    ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases)
–    the World Health Organisation : used world wide
–    In USA: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM IV-TR) 2000)
DSM :has five axes

–     Axis I: Psychiatric disorders
–    Axis II: Personality disorders / mental retardation
–    Axis III: General medical conditions
–    Axis IV: Social functioning and impact of symptoms
–    Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning (described using a scale from (1 to 100(
Psychiatric treatment
–    In the past, psychiatric patients were often hospitalized for six months or more, with some cases involving hospitalization for many years
–    Today, most psychiatric patients are managed as outpatients
–    Average hospital stay is around 2-3 weeks (with only a small number of cases involving long-term hospitalization.

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