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Endocrine Hormones Anatomy and Physiology Lecture

  – The endocrine system is a complex collection of hormone-producing glands that control basic bodyfunctions such as metabolism, growth, and sexual development. Many of the hormones produced by theendocrine glands interact with each other to maintain balance. The amount

Posted in Endocrinology, Physiology

Tubular secretion: Lecture Notes

Tubular secretion: Secretion of certain substances from peritubular capillary to the tubular lumen, it’s considered as additional mechanism for elimination with filtration K+ secretion: * K+ plasma level is very important to be kept in narrow range because abnormal plasma

Posted in Physiology, Urology

Regulation of GFR and Tubular reabsorption: Lecture Notes

Regulation of GFR: 1) Sympathetic system 2) auto regulation of afferent arteriole 3) juxtaglomerular apparatus Tubular reabsorption: Important principles regarding reabsorption 1) As mentioned before that each segment of tubular system has certain characteristics, which enable them to perform certain

Posted in Physiology, Urology

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR): Lecture Notes

    Glomerular filtration rate (GFR):   Before starting discussion, remember that basic renal functions are (Glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption and tubular secretion) these issues will be discussed in concern   GFR: is the rate of forming a filtrate from

Posted in Physiology, Urology

Urinary Physiology Lecture Notes

Overview of kidney function 1. Maintain water balance and plasma osmolarity 2. Regulating plasma and ECF electrolytes and volume 3. Excreting waste products like urea and other foreign compounds like drugs 4. Regulating blood PH, so that, keeping it around

Posted in Physiology, Urology

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