Definition: Idiopathic avascular necrosis of the capital femoral epiphysis in children. Etiology: Still not sure. Recent work suggests that the femoral head changes may be due to venous infarction in children with abnormal thrombolysis due to deficiency in thrombolysin.
Terminology: The modern term developmental dysplasia of the hip (D.D.H.) has replaced the traditional term congenital dislocation of the hip (C.D.H.). Recently, it was realized that some hips were normal at birth and gradually became dysplastic or dislocated later.
• Congenital clubfoot is a complex deformity of the ankle and foot that includes forefoot adduction, midfoot supination, hindfoot varus, and ankle equinus. Also referred to as Talipes equinovarus (TEV), • congenital clubfoot involves bone deformity and malposition with soft…
Posted in Nursing Care Plans
, Nursing Intervention
Tagged with: Clubfoot
, nursing care
, nursing intervention
, nursing management
, Talipes calcaneus
, Talipes equinus
, Talipes valgus
, Talipes varus
• Developmental dysplasia of the hip describes a spectrum of disorders related to abnormal development of the hip. • It may develop at any time during fetal life, infancy, or childhood in which there is a shallow acetabulum, subluxation, or…
Purpose of cast: 1. immobilize injured extremity to protect it from further injury. 2. provide alignment for bone fragment during healing process. 3. promote comfort. Types of cast: 1. plaster of Paris. 2. synthetic. The type of cast material selected…