BRONCHIOLITIS And Nursing Role

BRONCHIOLITIS

It is an acute respiratory illness of young children resulting from inflammation of small airways and characterized by wheezing. Respiratory cynstial virus is the principle agent.

Clinical manifestation:

Rhinorrhea,sneezing,cough,low grade fever, followed in several days by rapid breathing and wheezing.

 Physical examination:

Dyspnea,cyanosis,poor air entry bilateraly,bilateral rhonchi.

 Diagnosis:

1. History.
2. clinical finding.
3. chest x-ray(see hyper inflated chest with any patch could appear).
4. respiratory cynstial virus may be identified on nasopharyngeal secretion by culture or antigen assay.

Treatment: depend on severity of illness.
1. Adequate oral or parenteral fluid.
2. Antipyretic.
3. Humidified oxygen.

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Posted in Nursing Care Plans, Nursing Intervention, Pediatrics

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